The development of postwar democracy in Japan began with the end of the Second World War on August 15, and the start of the Allied Occupation.
In the decade from the end of the War to the Conservative Alliance and the formation of the Liberal Democratic Party inJapan's economic, social, and political structures underwent dramatic change in "Japan conservative" to rapid democratization and shifts in Occupation policies. The struggle to cope with these changes continued even after the conclusion of the Peace Treaty in as great efforts were made to recover from the aftereffects of Occupation politics.
The political scene remained extremely fluid as political purges ordered by the General Headquarters of the Allied Forces GHQ and other forms of intervention in Japanese politics continued. In addition, election results dramatically affected Japan conservative fortunes of individual political parties.
Shortly before Japan regained its independence, this party disbanded in February of and quickly formed a new party, the Reform Party Kaishin-towhich developed into the Japan Democratic Party Nihon Minshu-to in November of In February ofthis party cooperated with a pro-coalition faction in Japan conservative Japan Democratic Party to establish the "Japan conservative" Party Jiyu-to.
With these changes, liberal Japan conservative elements within Japan were finally aligned into two principal groups - the Liberal Party and the Democratic Party. In the reformist camp, conflict between right and left wings of the Japan Socialist Party finally came to a head in October of when disagreements over the Party's stance on the Peace Treaty and Japan-U.
Security Treaty resulted in a formal split between the two. Immediately after the end of the War, the Higashikuni and Shidehara Cabinets were formed. With the exception of the cabinet headed by the Socialist Party of Japan's Tetsu Katayama, which lasted for only eight months from June of to February ofcabinets were formed and the country was governed by liberal democratic parties.
Successive cabinets went to great lengths to try to modify Occupation policies that were felt to be poorly suited to the actual state of affairs in the country at the time. In spite of these difficulties, however, liberal democratic cabinets were still able to rebuild a devastated country, alleviate acute food shortages, quell destabilizing labor strikes and social unrest, establish a constitution, implement reforms for agricultural land and education, institute a fixed exchange system for Japanese currency of yen to the dollar, and put a viable financial Japan conservative in place.
After the turbulent times of the early Occupation, a firm foundation for stable government was finally established with the formation in October of of Democratic Liberal Party President Shigeru Yoshida's Second Cabinet and this party's subsequent landslide victory in the January, general election. During successive tenures, which lasted for a total of six years until December ofYoshida Cabinets are credited with a number of remarkable accomplishments, including the reconstruction of the Japanese economy.
However, the most notable accomplishments were undoubtedly the conclusion of the San Francisco Peace Treaty on September 8,which Japan's sovereignty and brought the country back into the international community, and the Japan-U.
Security Treaty that contributed much to the country's national security. Against Japan conservative background of the Korean War and the worsening of East-West Cold War relations, the Communist Party, left wing "Japan conservative" the Socialist Party, and many leftist academics stressed that peace be made with all countries and that Japan should not enter into exclusive security arrangements Zenmen kowa - Anpo soshi.