Laws affecting lesbiangaybisexualand transgender LGBT people vary greatly by country or territory — encompassing everything from the legal recognition "Genero homosexual relationship" same-sex marriage to the death penalty for homosexuality. Notably, 25 countries, all of which being developed democracies or developing democracies, recognized same-sex as of By contrast, 10 countries or jurisdictions, all of which are Islamic and ruled by shariaimpose the death penalty for homosexuality.
Following the issuance of the report, the United Nations urged all countries which had not yet done so to enact laws protecting basic LGBT rights.
According to Aristotlealthough most "belligerent nations" were strongly influenced by their women, the Celts were unusual because their men openly preferred male lovers Politics II b. Rankin in Celts and the Classical World notes that "Athenaeus echoes this comment a and so does Ammianus It seems to be the general opinion of antiquity.
Diodorus went further, stating that "the young men will offer themselves to strangers and are insulted if the offer is refused". Rankin argues that the ultimate source of these assertions is likely to be Poseidonius and speculates that these Genero homosexual relationship may be recording "some kind of bonding ritual Throughout Hindu and Vedic texts there are many descriptions of saints, demigods, and even the Supreme Lord transcending gender norms and manifesting multiple combinations of sex and gender.
There are several stories depicting love between those of the same sex, especially among kings and queens. Kamasutrathe ancient Indian treatise on love talks about feelings for same sexes.
Transsexuals are also venerated e. The ancient Law of Moses the Torah forbids men lying with men intercourse Leviticus 18 and gives a story of attempted homosexual rape in Genesis in the story of Sodom and Gomorrahthe cities being soon destroyed after that.
The death penalty was prescribed.
Persia homosexuality and homoerotic expressions were tolerated in numerous public places, from monasteries and seminaries to taverns, military camps, bathhouses, and coffee houses.
In the early Safavid era —male houses of prostitution amrad khane were legally recognized and paid taxes. Persian poets, such as Sa'di d. In Assyrian society, sex crimes were punished identically whether they were homosexual or heterosexual.
Middle Assyrian Law Codes dating BC has a particularly harsh law for homosexuality in the militarywhich reads: This law code condemns a situation that involves homosexual rape. Any Assyrian male could visit a prostitute or lie with another male, just as long as false
Genero homosexual relationship or forced sex were not involved with another male.
The "conquest mentality" of the ancient Romans shaped Roman homosexual practices. Roman law addressed the rape of a male citizen as early as the 2nd century BC, when a ruling was issued in a case that may have involved a man of same-sex orientation. It was ruled that even a man who was "disreputable and questionable" had the same right as other citizens not to have his body subjected to forced sex. In the Roman army of the Republic, sex among Genero homosexual relationship soldiers violated the decorum against intercourse with citizens and was subject to harsh penalties, including death,  as a violation of military discipline.
Although Roman law did not recognize marriage between men, and in general Romans regarded marriage as a heterosexual union with the primary purpose of producing children, in the early Imperial period some male couples were celebrating traditional marriage rites. Juvenal remarks with disapproval that his friends often attended such ceremonies. His consort Sporus appeared in public as Nero's wife wearing the regalia that was customary for the Roman empress.
Apart from measures to protect the prerogatives of citizens, the prosecution of homosexuality as a general crime began in the 3rd century of the Christian era when male prostitution was by Philip the Arab.
By the end of the 4th century, after the Roman Empire had come under Christian ruleGenero homosexual relationship homosexuality was punishable by burning. Evans-Pritchard recorded that in the past male Azande warriors in the northern Congo routinely took on young male lovers between the ages of twelve and twenty, who helped with household tasks and participated in intercrural sex with their older husbands.
The practice had died out by the early 20th century, after Europeans had gained control of African countries, but was recounted to Evans-Pritchard by the elders to whom he spoke. In feudal Japanhomosexuality was recognized, between equals bi-doin terms of pederasty wakashudoand in terms of prostitution. The younger partner in a pederastic relationship often was expected to make the first move; the opposite was true in ancient Greece.
The man was permitted, if the boy agreed, to take the boy as his lover until he came of age; this relationship, often formalized in a "brotherhood contract",  was expected to be exclusive, with both partners swearing to take no other male lovers.
The Samurai period was one in which homosexuality was seen as particularly positive. Later when Japanese society became pacified, the middle classes adopted many of the practices of the warrior class. Anthropologists Stephen Murray and Will Roscoe reported that women in Lesotho engaged in socially sanctioned "long term, erotic relationships" called motsoalle.
In Papua New Guineasame-sex relationships were an integral part of the culture of certain tribes until the middle of the last century. The Etoro and Marind-anim for Genero homosexual relationship, even viewed heterosexuality as wasteful and celebrated homosexuality instead.
They believed that in sharing semen, they are sharing their life force, yet women simply wasted this force any time they didn't get pregnant after sex. In many traditional Melanesian cultures a prepubertal boy would be paired with an older adolescent who would become his mentor Genero homosexual relationship who would "inseminate" him orally, anally, or topically, depending on the tribe over a number of years in order for the younger to also reach puberty.