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Tewodros ashenafi wife sexual dysfunction

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August 26, Accepted Date: January 19, Published Date: J Res Development 4: This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Visit for more related articles at Journal of Research and Development. A crossectional study was carried out during the Tewodros ashenafi wife sexual dysfunction between November, to April, to determine the prevalence of major skin disease and to identify the dominant risk factors for this disease in Gondar university veterinary clinic.

A total of ruminants that came to the Clinic were involved in the study. Out of this Skin scraping, morphological identification and clinical presentation were the methods employed for identification of mange mites and Dermatophilosis, gross ectoparasites and viral skin disease respectively. The prevalence of skin diseases in cattle, sheep and goats were The major skin diseases identified on ruminants were tick 8.

The study demonstrates that skin disease is among the most important health constraints of ruminants in and around Gondar town, hence requires immediate attention and control interventions.

Ethiopia has the largest livestock inventories in Africa, including, about It performs multiple functions in the Ethiopian economy by Tewodros ashenafi wife sexual dysfunction food, input for crop production and soil fertility management, raw material for industry, cash income as well as in promoting saving, fuel, social functions and employment. At the household level, livestock contributes to the livelihood of approximately 70 percent of Ethiopians. Women play a critical role in livestock production, both directly in primary production of small ruminants, and indirectly through the contribution of livestock to household assets.

Wuleta Lemma,5 Tamrat Assefa,5 and...

Livestock offers a particular package of benefits to pastoralists, for whom few alternative livelihoods exist [ 3 ]. Despite the large number of livestock, there has been a decline in national and per capita production of livestock and livestock products, export earnings from livestock and per capita consumption of food from livestock Tewodros ashenafi wife sexual dysfunction in comparison to other African countries due to disease and other constraints [ 2 ].

Even if much number of tanneries is involved in production of finished and semi-finished leather products, the sector and the country are losing revenue due to a decline in leather quality. A considerable portion of these pre-slaughter defects are directly related to skin diseases or secondary damage that occurs when the animal scratches itself to relieve the itching associated with some of these diseases [ 5 ].

The existence of various skin diseases affecting ruminants is frequently reported from different parts of Ethiopia. The most common ruminant skin diseases reported in Ethiopia are Dermatophilosis, lumpy skin disease, pediculosis, acariasis, ked, sheep and goat pox and orf [ 6 ].

Apart from quality degradation of skin and hides, skin diseases induce associated economic losses due to reduction of wool quality, meat and milk yield, losses as a result of culling and occasional mortalities and related with cost of treatment and prevention of the diseases. Some skin problems are easy to cure others more complicated and some "Tewodros ashenafi wife sexual dysfunction" ring worm are even highly contagious to the human handlers.

The effect of skin problems on animal productivity also varies from mild irritations to rapid death [ 7 ].

However, their relationship to risky...

External parasites are the most serious threat since they feed on body tissues such as blood, skin and hair. More significant, however, is that any blood -sucking arthropod may transmit diseases from infected animals to healthy ones. In addition, arthropod pests also may reduce weight gains, produce general weakness, severe dermatitis, and create sites for secondary invasion of disease causing organisms. In general, infected livestock cannot be healthy or efficiently managed to realize optimum production levels [ 8 ].

The potential economic loss the country is experiencing necessitates the nation-wide detailed investigation on the distribution of important skin disease. Since Ethiopia is known to be use and export ruminant skin among the livestock it has, it is necessary to study the disease which affects the skin of those animals. Even though the prevalence of different skin disease are investigated in different parts of Ethiopia; yet there is no research conducted that shows prevalence of major skin diseases in ruminants and its associated risk factors Tewodros ashenafi wife sexual dysfunction Gondar university veterinary clinic.

Therefore the objectives of this thesis are:. A cross sectional study were conducted from November, to April, in Gondar University veterinary clinic at Gondar town which is the Capital city of North Gondar Tewodros ashenafi wife sexual dysfunction in Amhara regional state. It is located km northwest of the capital city, Addis Ababa. The human population size of Gondar town in is aboutOut Tewodros ashenafi wife sexual dysfunction which 60, are males and 51, are females.

The livestock population in the area comprises of cattle 8,goat 22,sheep 2,horse 1, and donkey 9, CSA, [ 9 ].

Jason R Andrews3,4,; Ermias Diro1,5,;...

These animals in and around Gondar is used for traction power, Tewodros ashenafi wife sexual dysfunction and milk production and for transportation of materials and man from place to place. The study animals were cattle, sheep and goat that had brought to Gondar university veterinary clinic and it include both sex, all breeds and all age groups weather they are from intensive or extensive farming system.

The age of the animals Tewodros ashenafi wife sexual dysfunction be determined primarily based on the information obtained from the owners and also by looking the dentition pattern of animals.

Animals were divided into two groups according to their age, namely young less than or equal to 2 year old and adult animals above 2 year old [ 10 ]. In this study, animals were sampled during sample collections and the related risk factors such as sex, age, breed, body condition, speciesseason and manage mental conditions were recorded before sampling.

The tags of study animals were properly recode during sampling and then each animal were also carefully inspect for the skin pathogens. The samples were taken to Gondar University laboratory for identification.

Clinical skin disease investigations were conducted by examination of skin of each animal through visual inspection and palpation.

For positive cases on clinical examination, detailed husbandry and health history were taken from the owner of the animals. Depending upon the clinical presentation of skin diseases, samples such as, skin-scrapings, hair specimenspustules, abscesses and externally visible parasites were collected and subjected to a proper laboratory investigation.

Viral infections like Lumpy Skin Disease LSD and Pox Disease were diagnosed based on their occurrence in a flock and observable clinical pictures such as wide spread skin lesions on and around the muzzle, ears, scrotum and udder [ 11 ]. Specimen of hair plus skin will plucked from lesions suspected of dermatophytosis using forceps, put in dry Petri dish and transport to the laboratory to demonstrate characteristic disease causing agent from lesion scraping.

Deep scrapings of pustules and abscess were collected for demodicosis suspected cases and smears of their content were examined for the presence Tewodros ashenafi wife sexual dysfunction demodectic mites at 10x magnification of light microscope [ 12 ].

For the mange mite infestations, skins crapings till capillary blood oozes were taken from the periphery of active lesions. Exudative crusts were taken by Tewodros ashenafi wife sexual dysfunction of forceps and were transport to the laboratory in dry Petri dish where they are subjected to Giemsa staining for demonstration of Dermatophilus congolensis.

Data management and analysis: A cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the current prevalence of major skin diseases in the study area. The total numbers of ruminants that were attended in Gondar university veterinary clinic from November to April were sampled. After Data collection it was recorded in Microsoft excel spread sheet and preliminary analysis were done in it. The Chi-square X2 test was used to assess differences in the prevalence of skin diseases among species, breed, sex, body condition, age groups, management, Predilation site and season of diseases occurrence.

A total of ruminants were examined to determine the prevalence of major skin disease in Gondar university veterinary clinic. Of these, The overall prevalence of skin diseases in cattle, sheep and goats were From the total animal population examined Some skin disease were most common to one of ruminant host; as result sheep ked is found only in sheep and lump skin disease was found only in cattle during the study.

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