Maria is a work-study student at a local university. Her employment responsibilities could be performed at any of three campuses. Her supervisor has assigned her to work primarily at the main campus. She has expressed to her supervisor that she wants to work at another campus since that is where she has class. She files a complaint with the university's Title IX Coordinator alleging that she is forced to Sexual harassment scenarios in college at main campus because she is female and that her male co-workers all received their first choice of campuses at which to work.
She states that she has requested repeatedly to be placed at her campus of choice over the past three months and that her supervisor has honored other work-study student's requests to transfer but not hers.
Maria's supervisor is male and there are six male work-study students and two female work-study students who work in her department.
This may be a case of gender discrimination, but more investigation is warranted. During a Title IX investigation, investigators would likely look at any evidence that Marie would provide, such as communications with her supervisor, to see whether there is or implicit gender discrimination.
Investigators would explore with "Sexual harassment scenarios in college" why she feels that this is gender-based discrimination and how she has been impacted by the situation. The supervisor would need to be interviewed as well. A determination as to whether gender discrimination occurred would be made after a thorough and robust investigation into the matter. Monica is in her third year of her graduate studies. Monica is 6 months pregnant. In order to graduate, Monica must complete a 7 day meditation retreat which is scheduled for the last week of class.
The male faculty member who teaches the class in which the retreat is required informs Monica that she cannot participate in the retreat as he is concerned that her condition could create a safety risk. Monica rejects this argument and tells the faculty member that she is in good health, has reviewed the safety risks involved with the retreat and believes that she can participate fully with the rest of her cohort.
The faculty member, however, refuses to allow her to participate. Monica informs her academic advisor of what has occurred and that she feels she is being discriminated against. The Title IX Coordinator oversees an investigation into this matter which finds that the faculty member discriminated against Monica on the basis of gender.
Under Title IX and the university's policy, gender discrimination includes acts of discrimination on the basis of parental, family or marital status that excludes pregnant or parenting students from participation in educational activities. Here Monica was denied the right to participate in a required retreat due to her pregnancy.
Jen is a graduate assistant who works in the admissions department. Her supervisor, Margaret, is female. Jen has worked in admissions for 8 months. Jen's role puts her in a cubicle where her back faces the walkway. As Jen's job includes mostly data entry, she often listens to music on her iPhone while working using ear buds.
Margaret often comes up behind Jen in her cubicle and rubs her shoulder to get Jen's attention. Jen finally expresses to Margaret that she is uncomfortable being touched in that way. Recently, Margaret has started having disciplinary conversations with Jen regarding how she dresses for work. Margaret has referred to Jen's choice in apparel as "slutty" and has told her that she is not "hot enough" to dress that way. Jen files a complaint against Margaret for sexual harassment.
This is likely a case of sexual harassment and an investigation is warranted. While Margaret's rubbing of Jen's shoulder is unwanted conduct, it is not necessarily of a sexual nature since the contact is needed to Sexual harassment scenarios in college Jen's attention.
However, Margaret's comments about Jen's apparel seem sexualized and there is a power differential between Margaret and Jen. Margaret's conduct may be a response to Jen's request that Margaret not touch her shoulder.
Note that the sexual orientation and gender of the individuals involved is irrelevant to whether or not harassment has occurred. Jean is a student in a writing seminar. Jean prefers to use Sexual harassment scenarios in college pronouns they, them, theirs and has made this clear to the class and the faculty from the first day of the semester.
While the class has honored Jean's request, the faculty member has consistently referred to Jean as "him" or "this gentleman" in class discussions.
One day, when Jean corrected the faculty member, the faculty member responded, "transgendered stuff is just a fad, and isn't going to last! Jean files a complaint with the Title IX Coordinator stating that they have been sexually harassed based on hostile environment.
An investigation into this matter is warranted to determine whether the conduct violates the university's Gender Equity, Sexual Misconduct or Relationship Violence Policy and Procedure. While Jean's complaint to the Title IX Coordinator alleges sexual harassment, this may be a case of sexual harassment or gender discrimination.
The faculty member could have created a hostile environment in the classroom by persistently and pervasively refusing to use the student's preferred gender pronouns. While the final statement about transgender identity being a fad is not, by itself, sufficient to create a hostile environment, it contributes to a pattern of conduct that may have created a hostile environment for the student.