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Yugoslavian women


The role of the woman in Yugoslavia changed significantly throughout the twentieth century. Women sought better positions within economic, political, and social realms than they had occupied in the nineteenth century. A chronology tracing the position of women throughout the different stages of twentieth-century Yugoslav history is presented below:.

It was most prevalent in economically and culturally advanced regions, in which there were greater numbers of working women. They hoped to become more economically independent, thus assuming a more independent societal existence as well.

World War I created the Yugoslavian women for this economic independence. The need for male soldiers during World War One provided many job vacancies that women filled. Women thus assumed a substantial role within national economies during the war.

It was not obvious, however, that women would maintain this new economic position once men returned from the war-front. Women also participated in the political realm during World War One.

In the South Slav countries that were part of Austria-Hungary, women played a huge role in resistance efforts. They resisted the unjust wars and fought for a common South Slav state.

Women suffered the most from severe economic conditions. They worked for much less pay than their male counterparts, within Yugoslavian women and domestic service alike. The first Conference of Socialist Communist Women of symbolized the growing need that women felt for an entirely new political system.

During the war years, Yugoslavian women underwent a rapid transformation in all spheres. Yugoslavian women became significant members of the National Liberation Movement and Yugoslavian women in all aspects of the anti-fascist resistance.

Women occupied positions as fighters, in the rear, and as leaders. Seventy percent of the women fighters were under twenty years of age. Yet, women in the rear were multi-aged. They mobilized other women to gather supplies, cared for the sick and wounded, and sustained local economies.

Though women proved themselves as politically and economically capable within the Partisan movement, a chauvinistic attitude was maintained. Double standards were rampant.

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